The Goat as a Christian
Symbol represents oppressors, wicked men and demonic
forces. The goat also symbolises unrepentant sinners
who will be separated from God on judgment day which
is associated with the following Bible verse:
Matt. 25:31 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory,
and all the angels with him, he will sit on his
throne in heavenly glory. 32 All the nations will be
gathered before him, and he will separate the people
one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep
from the goats. 33 He will put the sheep on his
right and the goats on his left.
The Easton Bible Dictionary provides the following
definition, meaning and emblem for the Goat
Christian Symbol in the Bible.
1.) Heb. 'ez, the she-goat (Gen. 15:9; 30:35;
31:38). This Hebrew word is also used for the
he-goat (Ex. 12:5; Lev. 4:23; Num. 28:15), and to
denote a kid (Gen. 38:17, 20). Hence it may be
regarded as the generic name of the animal as
domesticated. It literally means "strength," and
points to the superior strength of the goat as
compared with the sheep.
(2.) Heb. 'attud, only in plural; rendered "rams"
(Gen. 31:10,12); he-goats (Num. 7:17-88; Isa. 1:11);
goats (Deut. 32:14; Ps. 50:13). They were used in
sacrifice (Ps. 66:15). This word is used
metaphorically for princes or chiefs in Isa. 14:9,
and in Zech. 10:3 as leaders. (Comp. Jer. 50:8.)
(3.) Heb. gedi, properly a kid. Its flesh was a
delicacy among the Hebrews (Gen. 27:9, 14, 17; Judg.
(4.) Heb. sa'ir, meaning the "shaggy," a hairy goat,
a he-goat (2 Chr. 29:23); "a goat" (Lev. 4:24);
"satyr" (Isa. 13:21); "devils" (Lev. 17:7). It is
the goat of the sin-offering (Lev. 9:3, 15; 10:16).
(5.) Heb. tsaphir, a he-goat of the goats (2 Chr.
29:21). In Dan. 8:5, 8 it is used as a symbol of the
(6.) Heb. tayish, a "striker" or "butter," meaning
"he-goat" (Gen. 30:35; 32:14).
(7.) Heb. 'azazel (q.v.), the "scapegoat" (Lev.
(8.) There are two Hebrew words used to denote the
undomesticated goat:, _Yael_, only in plural
mountain goats (1 Sam. 24:2; Job 39:1; Ps.104:18).
It is derived from a word meaning "to climb." It is
the ibex, which abounded in the mountainous parts of
Moab. And _'akko_, only in Deut. 14:5, the wild
Goats are mentioned in the New Testament in Matt.
25:32,33; Heb. 9:12,13, 19; 10:4. They represent
oppressors and wicked men (Ezek. 34:17; 39:18; Matt.
Several varieties of the goat were familiar to the
Hebrews. They had an important place in their rural
economy on account of the milk they afforded and the
excellence of the flesh of the kid. They formed an
important part of pastoral wealth (Gen. 31:10,
12;32:14; 1 Sam. 25:2).